Figure 10.9 – Prince Edward Island’s energy profile #
Key developments for Prince Edward Island:
- REF projects a 20% growth in emissions by 2060, dominated by transport.
- CP30 induces a 6% reduction by 2030, and 32% by 2060. These are mainly due to reductions in transport and residential heating.
- Prince Edward Island’s small industrial sector means that it contributes less to the province’s emissions, while transport constitutes around half of total emissions, with agriculture and the residential sector producing most of the rest. The residential sector is the first to initiate reductions in the 2020s in net-zero scenarios, with industry following suit. Transport is much slower for emission reductions, which are nevertheless more rapid in the most aggressive net-zero scenarios (NZ45)
- BECCS is barely used for electricity production in some net-zero scenarios and no hydrogen is produced in the province. As a result, Prince Edward Island generates no negative emissions, making it net positive from 2050 although the remaining emissions are small in absolute terms.
- Almost all power is produced from wind today; this source triples its generation by 2050 in net-zero scenarios, adding solar as well. Imports from neighbouring provinces, which help PEI for the provision of baseload generation, are enough to accommodate the increase in wind generation in the short term (from the 2020s storage appears to help in this respect). However, after 2030 these electricity receipts increase, eventually reaching around 60% higher levels compared with today.
- Forest residues increase by more than 80% in net-zero scenarios, much more (and more rapidly) than in REF. Crop residues and municipal waste add to this mix. Given almost no BECCS production, biomass is used instead for biofuels production, along with some biogas on the longer term.