The Canadian provinces present a diversity of energy and GHG emissions profiles. This diversity is reflected in their economy, as well as in the cost and impact of achieving GHG reduction targets in each province. This chapter discusses key similarities and differences across provinces on the way to net-zero, highlighting variations in the challenges faced by each.
It is important to remember that the GHG constraints are applied at the national level rather than by the provinces and territories in order to optimize total spending. Accordingly, some provinces and territories where decarbonization options are cheaper can move into net-negative emissions, while others can retain an overall higher fraction of their emissions.